The Philippine National Flag
The Philippine Flag tells the different aspects of Philippine history. It has seen the turmoils of the Filipino’s fight for independence under Spain’s authority.
Consequently, the Philippine Flag has undergone different revisions that reflect each period in Philippine history until the present.
The evolution of the Philippine Flag has come a long way since it was initially used by the Katipuneros in the 1880’s during the Philippine Revolution with the founding of a secret organization – the Kataastaasang Kagalanggalang Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan (Highest and Most Honorable Society of the Sons of the Nation). The first flag used by the organization was depicted with three white-colored letter K’s on a field of red. The three letters signifying the initials of the organization.
This initial design of the Philippine Flag underwent many revisions in different patterns – the three letters were rearranged in the same field of red, a image of a skull placed in the center of a revised flag on a field of black, or an image of a white-colored sun placed in the center of the flag.
The direct predecessor of the Philippine Flag today was sewn by a family of Filipinas in Hongkong where a temporary revolutionary junta was placed. It was formally unfurled during the proclamation of Philippine Indepence from Spanish rule by President Emilio Aguinaldo in Kawit, Cavite.
The design of the present flag of the Philippines depicts a sun with eight rays representing the first eight provinces that revolted against Spain. The 3 stars surrounding it represent the 3 major geographical divisions of the Philippines – Luzon, Visayas, and the Mindanao.
The Philippine flag uses 3 major color fields – white, blue and red. Each representing a unique description of the Filipino character. The white field symbolizes purity and independence. The red field represent the Filipinos’ undying courage and perseverance in the time of the revolution – it still holds true today. The pale blue color field of the flag symbolizes hope. To quote the filipino Mariono Ponce, “The blue color of the sky means our hope in future prosperity through progress..”